Son Hoa district laborers take part in industrial sewing training. Photo: KIM CHI
Promoting vocational training for rural workers not only creates jobs and raises income for this force, but also contributes to shifting the labor structure and economic structure to serve the cause of industrialization and modernization of agriculture and countryside.
The objective of the vocational training program is to diversify the forms of vocational training suitable to the socio-economic development characteristics of the province; linking training with job creation for laborers in industrial parks, industrial clusters, trade villages and vocational training for participating in labor export to the direction of industry - service - agriculture ...
In recent years, the vocational training for rural workers in the province has been implemented, helping to change the awareness of apprenticeship, employment and improving skills for employees, contributing to labor restructuring, economic structure, step by step meeting the socio-economic development demands of the province.
Mr. Pham Tam De, Deputy Head of Vocational Training Section (Department of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs), said: “Up to now, the whole province has 22 vocational training establishments; in which, 2 facilities of central management, 20 facilities of local management. These facilities are invested by central and local authorities in vocational facilities and equipment from the national target program on employment and vocational training, basically meeting the vocational training needs of the laborers. After apprenticeship, the laborers have a job, being recruited by businesses and services, getting income and labor productivity; or applying learned knowledge to economic development, contributing to improving labor productivity, saving production costs. Many households know how to apply the learned knowledge to the development of household economy, initially promoting the economic restructuring, labor structure in the countryside, contributing to the implementation of building a new countryside.
Although some certain results have been achieved, the vocational training in general and the current vocational training for rural workers has not met the requirements, there have situations that vocational training still does not match the needs and conditions of the learners, not yet attached with the local socio-economic development plan and demand of businesses. The shortage of skilled labor is still widespread. The rate of unskilled labor is still high, especially in rural areas. Many people after training have not found a job or have applied their knowledge in practice. There is still a shortage of skilled labor force serving the cause of agricultural and rural industrialization and modernization.
Improving quality and efficiency
With respect to the above situation, the province has focused on implementing programs and projects of developing industrial parks and economic zones and many programs and projects in the area, especially the National target program of new rural construction in the period 2010-2020. The training to improve the skills for employees, especially rural laborers, so that they can become laborers working in modern agricultural fields, changing labor structure to non-agriculture, and labor export is considered. This is an urgent requirement to increase labor productivity, create jobs and reduce poverty, improve people's income and life.
Mr. Vo Van Binh, Deputy Executive Director of the Department of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs, said: "In 2020, the province continues to effectively implement the project on the vocational training for rural workers by the year 2020, meeting the needs of vocational training of rural laborers and the requirements of labor market; creating jobs, increasing income for employees; effectively implementing the restructuring of agriculture, high-tech production and rural social security; contributing to restructuring rural labor force, implementing industrialization and modernization of rural agriculture and building new rural areas. In particular, the province focuses on giving priority to training in localities of new rural area building in 2020, the subjects of poor households, ethnic minorities, remote and extremely difficult areas. The whole province strives to improve the quality and effectiveness of vocational training, in order to create jobs and increase employees' incomes; contribute to shifting labor and economic structure. By the end of 2020, increasing the rate of trained laborers in the province to 70%, of which the rate of trained workers will reach 51%”.
According to the project, the total number of newly recruited vocational trainees is 8,000 people, including: 3,000 long-term vocational training people; Short-term vocational training includes: rural workers 2,400 (non-agricultural work 1,650 people, agricultural work 750 people) and social workers of 2,600 people. For long-term vocational trainees, the specific plan is for junior high school and high school students in the province. Subjects of short-term job training are laborers in the working age who have a vocational training demand, including rural laborers from full 15 to under 60 years old (for men), under 55 years old (for women), qualified education and health are suitable for the jobs that need to be studied.