Land and people Land and people

Cultural characteristics of sea villages

Updated at:   10:09:50 - 14/05/2020 Number of views:   57 Posted by:   Đoàn Thị Phước Tâm
A sea village in Tuy An district. Photo: VAN NGUYEN A sea village in Tuy An district. Photo: VAN NGUYEN
Since ancient times, fishermen lived on the river, then gradually moved to live in fishing villages and sea villages. Sea villages are populated areas in the straits and estuaries, with the majority people living in fishing.
Phu Yen coast is nearly 190km long running from Ghenh Rang (Binh Dinh) to Hon Nua Island (Khanh Hoa); Along the coasts of Song Cau, Tuy An, Tuy Hoa and Dong Hoa, there are many coastal villages. Sea villages are always associated with fishing ports, where mooring, repairing and building boats; convenient for transporting seafood onshore and providing gasoline, food for each sailing; Sea villages are also a place for seafood processing, shelter for boats to avoid storms.
The people of the sea villages always face the sea. Village population area is far different from other rural residential areas, so in the process of building new rural or urbanization, there should be policies suitable to the reality, in which economy and culture are important.
The sea village is crowded with people, with the conception that a family must have a son to sail; the economy depends on the man. The sea villagers often learn little, just need good health to go to the sea. In the past, schools were very far from residential areas, children were difficult to go to school; nowadays, schools, cultural houses and kindergartens have been built all the way to communes and villages, so the children go to school closer. Many families in the sea village have two or three children going to university to achieve success, which is the pride of their families, lineages and a good example for the young people to follow.
The inhabitants of the sea village lovingly embrace each other and the love of the village was built due to the particularities of their jobs. When getting on the boat, everyone is a friend, regardless of old and young, showing the solidarity, strength to withstand big waves, high winds. When the husband go fishing, his wife stay home to raise children, knit and mend the nets, waiting for her husband to return; now she has a phone and a television, so the sea village is happier. 
The tombs of the sea village are built in a circle (the image of a basket boats, including the tombs on remote islands. Every sea village has a communal house for a whale worshiping place, a place to organize a fishing festival, praying for favorable weather, and a full of fish; “Ba Trao sing” is performed in the first afternoon of the sailing; Some villages also have Sea-god temples, pagodas worshipping Buddha and other gods.
Going to sea also means to withstand the big waves and high winds, so the boys of the sea village are very brave and resilient, in addition to fishing, they are also heroes who protect the homeland fishing grounds and islands. Each sea village has a venerable chief elected by the people to look after the fishing-related things in the village: Each person can only register to go fishing for a boat owner for one year, not to compete for labor; When the boat encounters a distress it should alerts to the chief, and he will alert the other boats to rescue; This is a statute and a noble gesture of the people living in the sea village.
Sea villages usually only have one big road running through the village from the port, two sides are feeder roads. Houses are arranged in a form of neighbors, sibling families are close to each other for easily going fishing. Today the village roads are clean and beautiful concreted roads, with electricity and water supply; residents of the sea village are better, having big houses, cars, and crowded shops like the town. Public constructions were newly built, spiritual cultural works were repaired; Many sea villages are becoming attractive tourist and resort destinations and are gradually being transformed into tourist services. 
Author : Translated by Tran Dinh Dung | Source : Phuyenonline-KTS HOÀNG XUÂN THƯỞNG
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